China’s green urbanisation?
Urban agglomeration can lead to economies of scale, technological progress, lower transaction costs — and therefore lower energy consumption and lower carbon emissions. The spatial distribution of population and economic activity is a key factor influencing energy consumption and emissions, including the distribution of people within and between urban clusters.
China’s urbanisation policy has instigated a process of rapid relocation that has seen more than 20 million people move from rural areas to urban areas annually over the past decade. This was supported by the implementation of preferential regional development programs and industry relocation policies. These policies can have significant environmental consequences.